The Well-thought-out Design of Flying Serpents & Cockatrices

Posted in Uncategorized on March 10, 2014 by Creation Admin

The following article was taken from The Institute For Creation Research (ICR)

 

Studies Show Extinct Reptiles Moved with Grace and Ease

by Brian Thomas, M.S. *

“Scientists have struggled for decades to figure out how giant pterosaurs could become airborne and some recent proposals have simply assumed it must have been impossible,” according to Michael Habib of Chatham University USA.1 He recently co-authored a new study on pterosaur flight, the findings of which show that these giant reptiles not only could fly, but could do so skillfully.

Pterosaurs were the largest known flying creatures. Based on their fossils, their estimated total wingspan reached almost 40 feet. Habib and Mark Witton of the University of Portsmouth investigated pterosaur bone structure, estimated the reptile’s weight and musculature, and modeled its flight dynamics.

Based on their results, they concluded that pterosaurs could launch themselves with a “pole-vaulting” maneuver, fly, and land with agility—even those that were large enough to look a giraffe in the eye. Witton told Canada’s CBC radio program As it Happens, “We found in every avenue of investigation that we went down, the evidence pointed towards [pterosaurs] being flighted.”2

So, it appears that these flying reptiles were not large and ungainly, but large and graceful—as would be expected if they had been intentionally created to fly.

This study parallels other fossil finds that demonstrate that large extinct animals moved with ease. For years, researchers doubted that large theropods like Tyrannosaurus rex would have been able to effectively maneuver their bulky bodies. In a study published in The Anatomical Record, W. Scott Persons IV and Philip Currie examined points on T. rex tail bones where the largest locomotive muscles would have attached.3

When compared to living lizards and to an anatomical torque and force model, these scientists observed that T. rex leg muscles would have been very robust, easily able to propel and maneuver the giant land walker. In addition, the same skeletal features, including specified sizes and shapes of vertebral and rib features, are common to all theropods.

The study’s authors, interpreting their results according to evolution, wrote, “Dorsally elevated transverse processes [vertebral features] are characteristic of even primitive theropods and suggest that a large M. caudofemoralis [tail-leg muscle] is a basal characteristic of the group.”3 In other words, since all theropods had bony and muscular features enabling efficient movement, these features must have evolved very early.

However, there is no evidence of such evolution! There are no examples of pre-theropod fossil skeletal features that show any hint of transitioning toward the observed fully developed theropod-like features. Therefore, it looks as though all theropods, including T. rex, were created with the fully formed ability to move with agility, just like pterosaurs were created to fly gracefully and mosasaurs were created to be expert swimmers.4

When researchers have tried to piece together the past, the assumption of evolution has led to wrong conclusions. Most fossils are broken and fragmented, making reconstructions difficult. But by reasoning that all creatures “emerged” from a lesser form, evolutionists have been “seeing” what is not really there: incomplete, ineffective, and substandard transitional body plans. In each case mentioned here, however, anatomically rigorous investigations have shown fully featured creatures.

These fossils show no trace of evolution. Instead, they show the kind of well-thought-out design that researchers would expect to find if the animals had been created on purpose with the exact characteristics needed for their own particular environments.

New Reptile Fossil Stuns Evolution Paradigm

Posted in Uncategorized on March 4, 2014 by Creation Admin

http://www.darwinthenandnow.com/2014/02/new-reptile-fossil-stuns-evolution-paradigm/

Taken from the highly informative blog “Darwin Then & Now” from the writer of the excellent book by the same title.

 February 21st, 2014

New fossil discovery in China stuns Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution acting through “slight successive changes.” An international team led by geologist Ryosuke Motani from the University of California at Davis published a paper in PLOS journal earlier this month on new evidence that foils previous evolution paradigms.

Bordering on the Yangtze River in the eastern China just north of Chaohu City, Motani’s team discovered by accident what is thought to be the oldest known reptile. While working systematically through a slab of entombed fossils looking for a ray-finned fish known as Saurichthys, the workers accidently fractured the slab.

Within the fractured slab the team discovered an “an articulated embryo in birth position, with its skull just emerged from the maternal pelvis.” The young reptile mother (approximately 40 inches long) was fossilized while giving live birth to three young ones. The “new fossil specimen,” according to Motani, “strongly contradicts this traditional interpretation.”

Chaohusaurus is the name given to the fossil; “Chaohu” indicating the site found linked with the generic name for a lizard – “saurus.”  Currently thought to be the oldest discovered reptile birth ever known, the fossil has also been variably called Anhuisaurus or Chensaurus since first described in 1972 by CC Young and Z-M Dong.

One of the embryos (each approximately 7 inches long), was inside the mother, one was exiting the pelvic girdle with half of the body still in the maternal body cavity, and the third had just exited. The report documents that the “preservation of embryos is exquisite despite the great geologic age.”

Viviparity is the term given for the process of the fertilized eggs to develop within an embyro inside the body of the mother eventually leading to the delivery of a live new born. While most reptiles lay amniotic eggs covered with leathery or calcareous shells, several marine [and many land-dwelling] reptiles exhibit viviparity, including mosasaurs, Sauropterygia and the ichthyosaurs.

While thought to be similar to Cymbospondylus and Mixosaurus, and Ichthyosaurus genera, Chaohusaurus is classified as a distinct genera without any known transitional links – a somber problem for the theory of evolution acting through Darwin’s expected “slight successive” changes.

Extending problematical transitional links is the “head-first” orientation (see photograph). While land-based viviparous animals “head-first” is the norm, marine-based animals “tail-first” is the norm−like mammals. The fossil evidence for Ichthyosaurus genera demonstrate “tail-first” viviparity. 

“We always assumed that live-bearing in marine reptiles evolved after they invaded the sea, partly because of this difference [evidence to suggest tail-first births]” Motani noted in an interview. “Now the new fossil shows that the most primitive marine reptile gave birth head first.  This strongly suggests that they inherited live-bearing from their land ancestors.”

Unlike all other known reptiles, the evidence point to a land [terrestrial] origin of viviparity as is reflected in the title of the paper: “Terrestrial Origin of Viviparity in Mesozoic Marine Reptiles Indicated by Early Triassic Embryonic Fossils.”

“Terrestrial origins of viviparity,” however, Motani explains, in “marine reptiles may be a departure from the conventional wisdom” since “there is no evidence for a marine origin of viviparity.” With this new reptile fossils, the evolution paradigm has been stunned, again.

Reproduction has long stymied the theory of evolution. The duck-billed oddity, the Platypus, is a mammal laying eggs. During the five year voyage aboard the HMS Beagle, while in Australia Darwin recorded the blatant evolution paradox by noting:

“had the good fortune to see several of the famous Platypus or Ornithorhyncus paradoxicus.”

As a paradox, Darwin conveniently never mentions the Platypus in The Origin of Species. This exclusion further exemplifies Darwin’s method of distorting science to save the theory. This signature method of investigation adopted by Darwin is highlighted in the article “Darwin Day, the Ultimate Science Paradox.”

Richard Gibb, Director of the Human Genome Sequencing Center at Baylor College of Medicine in Texas, notes, “there is nothing quite as enigmatic as a platypus…. It all points to how idiosyncratic evolution is.”

Australian biologist, Michael Archer wrote, “Indeed, evolutionary scientists are baffled about the ancestry of the platypus.”

The scientific evidence simply declares that the fossil record demonstrate a mosaic pattern of nature−not an evolutionary pattern. By contrast, a mosaic pattern is compatible with the Genesis account of nature.

Angst even within the evolution industry has finally reached a tipping point. In an interview by journalist Suzan Mazur in the book The Altenberg 16: An Expose of the Evolution Industry, cell biologist Stuart Newman of the New York Medical College sounded the alarm:

“Unless the discourse around evolution is opened up to scientific perspectives beyond Darwinism, the education of generations to come is a risk of being sacrificed to the benefit of a dying theory.”

Frustrated adherence to Darwin’s outdated theory, National Medal of Science winner presented by President Bill Clinton, Lynn Margulis in an interview with Mazur pronounced

“neo-Darwinists are a… religious sect within the sprawling religious persuasion of Anglo-Saxon Biology.”

The vanishing existence of “slight successive changes” in found in the fossil record for reptile reproduction exemplifies why this once powerful icon of evolutionary theory, Darwinism, is now dead.

Evolution was once a theory in crisis, now evolution is in crisis without a theory.

For these reasons, biological evolution only exists as a philosophical fact−not as a scientific fact.

“Leggy Lizards”

Posted in Uncategorized on January 28, 2014 by Creation Admin

Here is a brief snip it of an article on speedy adaptions from Creation Ministries International

“Speedy Species Surprise” (click link for full story)

by e and Carl Wieland

Anole
In the Bahamas, small numbers of [brown] anole lizards (Anolis sagrei) were transplanted from an island with tall trees to nearby islands where there were previously no lizards and only smaller bushy vegetation. Body form rapidly changed in succeeding generations.

In particular, the relative length of hindlimbs was greatly decreased—thought to be an adaptation for life amongst the twigs of the scrubby vegetation in the lizards’ new habitat. (Lizards that live on tree trunks have longer legs than those that live on twigs—an apparent trade-off between the agility necessary for twig-to-twig jumping and the speed that longer limbs provide on the broad surface of tree trunks.)

[Does this remind anyone of the Italian Wall Lizards that were transplanted to an island?]

But again it was the speed of adaptation, many thousands of times higher than (their interpretation of) the ‘fossil record’ that surprised evolutionists.

[It seems that the island environments cause adaptation (or actually selection) to occur more rapidly. This may be due to only a few selective pressures rather than a vast host found on the mainland. This may also be due to a lack of competition paired with an abrupt change in environment. This would have been the case for the animals that exited Noah's ark after the flood as well. ]

[my two cents...]

Turtles Can Read Magnetic Fields

Posted in Uncategorized on January 21, 2014 by Creation Admin

Creeping Things Turtle

Article by Jonathan Sarfati

http://creation.com/turtles-can-read-magnetic-maps

Magnetic compasses have been vital to navigation, as they enable people to use the earth’s magnetic field to tell direction. Now, recent experiments have demonstrated that some organisms also navigate with their own ‘compasses’.

At different places on the earth, the strength of the earth’s magnetic field and its inclination (the angle at which it intersects the earth’s surface) are different. So if organisms could sense these changes, they would have something like longitude and latitude readings on a map.

This is important to young Loggerhead Turtles (Caretta caretta) which must stay within the North Atlantic Gyre, the circular ocean current system that surrounds the Sargasso Sea. Researchers Kenneth and Catherine Lohmann of the University of North Carolina have shown that the turtles use magnetic measurements to stay in the gyre.

They placed turtles in water tanks surrounded by computerized electric coils generating an artificial magnetic field. When the field’s inclination was the same as that of the northern boundary of the gyre, the turtles would swim south, as if back into the gyre. Conversely, when the inclination was the same as the southern boundary’s, the turtles swam north-northeast, again as if away from the danger boundary.

In other experiments, they also kept the inclination constant but varied the magnetic field strength in the tank. When the strength was the same as that of the western boundary of the gyre, the turtles swam east, again as if into the gyre and away from the danger boundary. And they swam west when the strength was the same as the eastern boundary’s.1

The famous British evolutionist (and communist) J.B.S. Haldane claimed in 1949 that evolution could never produce ‘various mechanisms, such as the wheel and magnet, which would be useless till fairly perfect.’2 Therefore such machines in organisms would, in his opinion, prove evolution false. These turtles which use magnetic sensors have indeed fulfilled one of Haldane’s criteria. Also, the ‘simple’ bacterium propels itself by a filament called a flagellum, which is propelled by a rotary motor — a type of wheel,3 thus fulfilling Haldane’s other criterion. I wonder whether Haldane would have had a change of heart if he had been alive to see these discoveries …

References

  1. Nature Australia Winter 1997, pp. 7-8. Return to text.
  2. Is Evolution a Myth? A Debate between D. Dewar and L.M. Davies vs. J.B.S. Haldane, Watts & Co. Ltd / Paternoster Press, London, 1949, p. 90. Return to text
  3. For a good description, see M. Behe, Darwin’s Black Box, The Free Press, NY, 1996, pp. 69-73; and The amazing motorized germReturn to text.

Christian Herpetological Forum

Posted in Uncategorized on January 16, 2014 by Creation Admin

We’ve just started a Christian Herpetological forum!

This is intended as a God glorifying meeting place for all those that are into herpetology (the study of reptiles and amphibians). We will begin using this forum to organize field trips, Creation Museum tours, Creeping Things showtimes, meetings and more! Sign up today and become a member to post and chat.
http://christianherpforum.freeforums.net/

banner120208a1.jpg

MUSEUM DAY!!!

Posted in Uncategorized on September 27, 2013 by Creation Admin

TOMORROW!!!     Saturday, September 28th!    9am – 6pm!

https://www.facebook.com/events/442604355853248/

(click to go to our facebook event)

Image

Marine Reptile Fossil Rewrites Evolution – I.C.R. Article

Posted in Creation & Evolution Discussions, Micro-Evolution, Nature Hikes, Uncategorized on January 18, 2012 by Creation Admin

 

by Brian Thomas, M.S. *

The evolutionary history of certain extinct marine reptiles just got rewritten.

After rapidly evolving an array of variations, one particular variety of the dolphin-shape marine reptiles known as ichthyosaurs supposedly died out completely in extinction events dispersed over millions of years. But the recent description of out-of-place ichthyosaur fossils shows that this conception is wrong, and additional related clues point to even deeper problems.

A team of paleontologists examined ichthyosaur bone fossils from England and Germany, identifying a particular species in Cretaceous rocks.1 They didn’t expect this, since other researchers had described similar-looking fossils farther below, in middle Jurassic rocks. The newly described ichthyosaurs were supposedly deposited some 60 million years later, having presumably lived through earlier catastrophic extinctions.

Ulrich Joger, a German paleontologist and one of the co-authors of the study published online in PLoS ONE, told BBC News, “It’s a spectacular find. It raises new questions about the [Jurassic] (sic) extinction theory.”2

One such question is why so many other animals apparently became extinct while this variety of ichthyosaurs survived. But this is only a problem if one assumes that the rock layers in question are separated by millions of years and punctuated by separate extinction events.

Perhaps, instead, the local fossil-bearing rocks in England and Germany were deposited in rapid succession by tsunami-like waves associated with a global catastrophe, burying various groups of creatures in a sequence of quickly formed strata. This scenario needs no imaginative add-ons to explain why only certain species survived for “millions” of years longer than others, since the dogma of vast time doesn’t encumber it.

And the global flood scenario has the added benefit of explaining why there are ichthyosaur fossils at all. Only a powerful catastrophe can cover swift and strong-swimming animals quickly enough to completely bury them and prevent them from natural rapid decay.

The researchers examined ichthyosaur fossils taken from the Cambridge Greensand Formation in England. This rock layer also has ankylosaur dinosaurs, duckbill dinosaur teeth, extinct diving birds,3 flying reptiles,4 tiny crustaceans, clams,5 and ammonites.6

In 2011, workers learned of ankylosaurs, ichthyosaurs, clams, and ammonites packed in a Canadian sandstone.7 Those creatures originally lived nowhere near one another. What could have buried such diverse fauna together in the sand? Certainly, sea and land creatures were mixed in some catastrophe.

The energy and extent of the worldwide Flood described in the Bible fits these eclectic fossil assemblages. The Bible says that during the global Flood, waters covered the entire planet, resulting in the death of all flesh “that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man,”8 with the exception of those preserved with Noah on the Ark.

In the muddy process of ocean water inundating the land, many sea creatures like ichthyosaurs and ammonites would have been buried together with those land creatures like ankylosaurs that were outside the Ark. And if the Flood event described in the Bible best explains rocks and fossils, then researchers should entirely reject evolution’s ever-changing stories of deep time punctuated by multiple extinction events.

References

  1. Fischer, V. et al. 2012. New Ophthalmosaurid Ichthyosaurs from the European Lower Cretaceous Demonstrate Extensive Ichthyosaur Survival across the Jurassic–Cretaceous Boundary. PLoS ONE. 7 (1): e29234.
  2. German marine reptile find rewrites fossil record. BBC News. Posted on bbc.co.uk January 5, 2012, accessed January 10, 2012.
  3. Weishampel, D. B. et al. 2004. Dinosaur distribution (Early Cretaceous, Europe). In The Dinosauria, 2nd ed. Weishampel, D. B., P. Dodson and H. Osmólska, eds. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  4. Kellner, A. W. A., M. B. Aguirre-Urreta and V. A. Ramos. 2003. On the pterosaur remains from the Río Belgrano formation (Barremian), Patagonian Andes of Argentina. Anais de Academia Brasileira de Ciências. 75 (4).
  5. Wilkinson, I. P. 2006. The holostratigraphy of the Albian Stage (Lower Cretaceous) of the United Kingdom and its continental shelf. British Geological Survey Research Report RR/6/01.
  6. Monks, N. 2002. Cladistic Analysis of a Problematic Ammonite Group: the Hamitidae (Cretaceous, Albian-turonian) and Proposals for New Cladistic Terms. Paleontology. 45 (4): 689-707.
  7. See Thomas, B. Dinosaur Fossil ‘Wasn’t Supposed to Be There’. ICR News. Posted on icr.org April 14, 2011, accessed January 10, 2012.
  8. Genesis 7:21.

* Mr. Thomas is Science Writer at the Institute for Creation Research.

Article posted on January 18, 2012.

 Original article found here:

http://www.icr.org/article/6598/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+icrscienceupdate+%28Science+Update+from+ICR%29&utm_content=FaceBook

 

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 75 other followers